premature ejaculation


Premature ejaculation is a problem for many men. It causes distress and problems in relationships. This condition is when a man can’t control when he ejaculates or delay it during sex. Though there may be various reasons why this happens, treatments are available.

This article will discuss what premature ejaculation is and the treatments made to help it.

Overview of premature ejaculation

Premature ejaculation (PE) is a problem many men face. It happens when they reach orgasm and climax too quickly during sex. Reasons for PE can be physical or psychological, such as stress or anxiety. It can be distressing and affect relationships. Fortunately, there are treatments. These include psychosexual counseling, medications, and self-help techniques.

Average intercourse time varies between individuals. Generally, it’s 3-5 minutes. The cause of PE is unknown. It may be mental health issues, physical conditions, relationship issues, or physical coordination during sex.

Treatments for PE focus on helping people control sexual arousal and increasing intercourse time. Options are:

  • Psychotherapy
  • SSRIs
  • Presence therapy
  • Numbing creams/sprays which reduce sensation and delay ejaculation.

Prevalence of premature ejaculation

Premature ejaculation (PE) is a common sexual dysfunction among men. It happens when a man reaches orgasm and releases semen sooner than desired. Research says it affects more than 1 in 3 men aged 18-59. It is estimated that 1 out of every 3 men aged 18-59 will experience PE at some point in life.

PE can be divided into two types. Primary PE is present since puberty or early adulthood. Secondary PE is acquired later in life. It may be due to psychological or physical factors, such as depression, stress or prostate problems. It can also be due to side effects of certain medications or recreational drugs.

The causes of PE are unclear. Biological factors, psychological components, lifestyle factors and drug/alcohol use are all possible causes. Studies suggest about 30% of cases have biological causes. 20-30% are due to psychological reasons like depression, anger management issues and a history of trauma/abuse. Other possible causes are hormonal imbalances, relationship problems and drug/alcohol use disorders.

Treatment for PE includes:

  • Behavioral techniques,
  • Counseling,
  • Medication,
  • Tension reduction techniques,
  • Topical desensitizing sprays and creams,
  • Nutritional supplements,
  • Herbs,
  • Hormones (e.g. testosterone), etc.


Premature ejaculation is hard to tackle and can cause a lot of stress. The exact source of this condition is still unknown, however, there could be a few reasons behind it. Let’s take a look at the possible causes of premature ejaculation and see how it can be managed.

Psychological causes

Premature ejaculation may be due to both physical and psychological aspects. Psychological ones may include stress, anxiety, depression, and other emotions. Performance anxiety is possible, especially if the man has already experienced ejaculating quickly before. Other psychological causes may include guilt or relationship issues that affect sexual pleasure or performance. If a man worries he can’t satisfy his partner, this worry could trigger premature ejaculation. In some cases, mental health counseling can help solve any underlying emotional issues.

Physical causes

Premature ejaculation is a common sexual dysfunction for men, with both psychological and physical reasons. Some of the physical causes include: low testosterone or thyroid hormone levels; inflammation of the nerves sending signals to the ejaculatory muscles; infection or swelling in the prostate gland; and chronic diseases like diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries. These conditions can cause nerve damage, which disrupts signals between the brain and genitals during sex, leading to early climaxing.


Premature ejaculation (PE) is a frequent, and sometimes embarrassing, situation. Diagnosis begins with a physical examination and a chat about the patient’s medical past. Subsequently, physicians may demand laboratory tests or other diagnostic procedures to assess the patient’s condition and spot the source.

Carrying out a comprehensive evaluation of PE is crucial in order to supply the most successful treatment.

Physical examination

Assessing underlying physical conditions is essential to diagnose and treat premature ejaculation. Therefore, physical exams may include a thorough evaluation, such as a genital exam, general examination and a urine or semen sample assessment.

The healthcare provider will inspect the external genitals to detect any environmental diseases or abnormalities and check for visible signs of erectile dysfunction, like smegma build up or penile testing. The urologist may also order additional diagnostic tests to rule out any potential underlying medical condition causing PE, e.g. diabetes, high blood pressure, hormonal imbalance or prostate enlargement.

The healthcare provider may ask about your medicines and review your medical history. If needed, they can perform additional tests like a blood test to measure hormone levels or an ultrasound to determine if there is scar tissue in the ejaculatory ducts.

After the physical examination, the healthcare provider will analyze if other causes must be investigated further before making a diagnosis and creating a suitable treatment plan:

  • Blood test to measure hormone levels
  • Ultrasound to determine if there is scar tissue in the ejaculatory ducts

Psychological evaluation

Psychological evaluation is an important tool in diagnosing premature ejaculation. It helps to identify any psychological factors that could be causing the condition, such as stress, anxiety, depression, or relationship problems. Evaluations don’t always provide an exact cause, but they can reveal psychosocial and interpersonal dynamics that can contribute to it, complicate it, or make it worse.

Evaluations are normally done by psychologists or psychiatrists. They include interviews with the patient and their partner, where they answer questions about their sexual history, their relationship, family history, lifestyle, any stresses, medication/drug use, prior treatment for sexual issues, psychological complaints, physical complaints, relationships with partners, friends, and recent life changes.

After getting this information, a mental health professional can recommend interventions for managing prematurity, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), individual psychotherapy sessions, or couple therapy sessions.


Premature ejaculation can be embarrassing and affect a man’s self-esteem. Luckily, there are treatments that can help. This section looks at the treatments, such as medicine and lifestyle modifications. It will also discuss their effectiveness.


Medication is one option to treat premature ejaculation. However, it can cause side effects such as erectile dysfunction.

Ejaculatory Latency Time (ELT) is a measure used to judge ejaculation control. Meds taken by men with this issue can increase ELT to different degrees. These drugs are SSRIs, topical anesthetics, and PDE-5 inhibitors.

Side effects vary for each drug. They can be: reduced sexual desire, difficulty achieving/maintaining an erection, nausea, diarrhea, dry mouth, and drowsiness. It’s important to consider the benefits and drawbacks before picking a treatment plan.

Behavioral therapy

Behavioral therapy is an effective approach for many men with premature ejaculation. Practical steps to eliminate the problem are recommended, like the squeeze and fade-out techniques. Squeezing the penis below the head before ejaculation reduces arousal levels. The fade-out technique involves masturbating, then stopping and taking a break before starting again.

Counseling or sex therapy may be suggested to address any underlying issues that contribute to the condition. Behavioral therapy is often combined with medication for optimum treatment.

Lifestyle changes

Medical treatments are not the only way to manage premature ejaculation. Healthy choices, like avoiding smoking and drinking, can help improve your sex life. Research shows that relaxation techniques can reduce symptoms. These include self-pleasuring, staying calm during sex, taking a break from intercourse, and using mental distractions during sex.

Talking openly with your partner about the problem is also important. Share your feelings and work together to find ways to cope with it.


Premature ejaculation is a common and treatable sexual health problem. It can really hurt a man’s self-esteem and relationships. Fortunately, there are ways to help. This article looks at the various prevention methods.

These include:

  • Lifestyle and mental health changes
  • Techniques
  • Medications
  • Therapies

Stress management

Stress can lead to premature ejaculation. It has physical effects, like higher blood pressure and muscle tension, plus a faster heart rate. So, managing and reducing stress is important.

Here are some helpful techniques:

  • Deep diaphragmatic breathing for relaxation and control.
  • Progressive muscle relaxation to ease tension.
  • Autogenic training for calming the mind.
  • Yoga for less stress.
  • Mindfulness meditation for greater self-awareness.

Also, enjoy activities like walking in nature or a hobby. Physical activity relieves stress and helps sexual functioning. Plus, overall health and wellbeing improve.

Pelvic floor exercises

Kegel exercises, named after Arnold Kegel, are a great way for men to exercise the pelvic area. They help control involuntary contractions in the ejaculatory system, delaying orgasm.

To execute the Kegel, you must identify and engage the pelvic floor muscles. These muscles span across the pelvis and run through to the anus. No special equipment is needed.

Here are the steps:

  1. Locate your pelvic floor muscles – the same ones used to stop urinating mid-stream
  2. Squeeze the area tightly for several seconds (one contraction)
  3. Release slowly and take a break
  4. Repeat 10 times per session, three times daily
  5. Increase repetitions over time as the muscles strengthen

Doing Kegels regularly can help build strength and regulate tension before sex, potentially reducing premature ejaculation. Plus, they can boost sexual confidence, pleasure and intimacy with a partner in the long run.

Healthy diet and exercise

Good eating habits and exercise can help tackle premature ejaculation. Eating a balanced, nutrient-rich diet can boost overall health. Shellfish, eggs and nuts are high in zinc – which can enhance sexual function. Exercise increases the production of endorphins which may help anxiety and orgasm. Doing two hours of exercise a week can delay ejaculation by raising testosterone. Relaxing activities like yoga or tai chi can reduce stress.

Stay hydrated, get enough rest – fatigue raises the risk of premature ejaculation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is premature ejaculation?

A: Premature ejaculation is a sexual dysfunction in men characterized by an inability to control ejaculation during sexual intercourse, leading to a short and unsatisfactory sexual experience for both partners.

Q: What causes premature ejaculation?

A: There are various factors that can contribute to premature ejaculation, including psychological and physiological factors such as anxiety, stress, hormonal imbalances, and hypersensitivity of the penis.

Q: How can premature ejaculation be treated?

A: Treatments for premature ejaculation may include lifestyle changes, behavior therapy, medication such as SSRIs, and topical anesthetic creams. A combination of these treatments may be most effective.

Q: Can premature ejaculation be cured?

A: In many cases, premature ejaculation can be effectively managed or even cured with the right combination of treatments and therapies. However, it may take some trial and error to find the best approach for an individual case.

Q: How common is premature ejaculation?

A: Premature ejaculation is a common sexual problem that affects an estimated 1 in 3 men at some point in their lives. It is most common in younger men, but can occur at any age.

Q: Should I see a doctor about premature ejaculation?

A: If premature ejaculation is causing distress in your sexual relationship or impacting your quality of life, it is recommended that you see a healthcare provider for evaluation and treatment options.

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